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Symptoms Of Pregnancy

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Symptoms Of Pregnancy

Pregnancy symptoms differ for each woman, but early signs typically include missed menstrual periods, spotting, tender breasts, headaches and nausea, according to the American Pregnancy Association. Women can experience different symptoms with each subsequent pregnancy, and some pregnancy indicators are associated with other conditions, so an official test is always recommended by physicians.

Common Symptoms Of Pregnancy

  • Spotting or light bleeding
  • Missed period
  • Nausea or morning sickness
  • Swollen or tender breasts
  • Fatigue or Tiredness

  • Above each symptoms of pregnancy are common but women can experience different symptoms with each subsequent pregnancy, and some pregnancy indicators are associated with other conditions.

    First Signs Of Pregnancy

    What are the most common first signs of pregnancy? In a poll conducted by the American Pregnancy Association, the most commonly reported first symptoms of pregnancy included:

  • 29% of women surveyed reported a missed period as their first pregnancy symptom
  • 25% indicated that nausea was the first sign of pregnancy
  • 17% reported that a change in their breasts was the initial symptom of pregnancy

  • While implantation bleeding is often considered the first pregnancy symptom, the survey conducted by the American Pregnancy Association revealed that only 3% of women identified implantation bleeding as their first sign of pregnancy

    Symptoms Of Pregnancy Implantation

    Untimely bleeding is frustrating. Especially so, when you are planning for pregnancy and notice slight bleeding. But do not get disappointed as this bleeding indicates something good for you. It could be implantation bleeding, a normal physiological process in any pregnancy. It is one of the early symptoms of your pregnancy. Read this MomJunction post to know more about implantation, its stages, symptoms and how you can confirm that.

    What Is Implantation?

    Implantation (of the human embryo) is the attachment of the fertilized egg (the blastocyst) to the lining of the uterus to grow and develop. It is an entirely natural process that happens a week after ovulation and is an early stage of pregnancy.

    One-third of women experience implantation bleeding but is mistaken for menstruation as it happens at the same time of your cycle.

    Stages Of Implantation :

    The embryo implantation occurs on the sixth or seventh day after ovulation. This process has three stages:

    • In the first stage, the embryo attaches to the uterine wall (the lining is endometrium). This initial phase of the implantation process is called adplantation. During this stage, the embryo is about five to six days old.
    • In the second stage, the fertilized egg penetrates the uterine wall so that it is secure in the uterus. This process is adhesion of the blastocyst to the endometrium.
    • In the third stage, the embryo finally embeds deep inside the uterine wall. At this point, the ovum is located in the endometrial cavity, and as the endometrium grows, the cavity is wrapped better.

    What Is Implantation Bleeding?

    Implantation bleeding is one of the first signs of pregnancy but you could mistake it to be your regular menstrual bleeding. Implantation bleeding is light, often in pink or brown spots, and occurs between the sixth and the 12th day of your cycle depending on the length of your cycle.

    You may get disappointed thinking implantation bleeding to be the spotting before menses. But this bleeding happens when the embryo embeds into the uterine wall. So, if you notice light bleeding or spotting before the onset of your period, you do not have to worry. Just look at its color and other features.

    Signs and symptoms of implantation bleeding

    Look out for these signs and symptoms if you spot bleeding just before your menstrual due date. However, note that they can differ from one woman to another:

    • Tender, swollen breasts
    • Mood swings
    • Faint cramping
    • Strong sense of smell
    • Tiredness
    • Headaches
    • Dizziness
    • Drowsiness

    Symptoms Of Pregnancy Implantation :

    Every pregnancy is different, and so are the implantation symptoms. They may also differ from the first pregnancy to the subsequent ones. Some women do not notice any symptoms associated with implantation. Listed below are the possible implantation signs that would help in confirming your pregnancy.

    1. Implantation cramping :-

    The second common symptom after spotting is implantation cramping, which is similar to period cramping. However, these cramps are milder and are less painful. So, where does implantation cramping occur? You will experience them in your back and lower abdomen and last for a couple of days. They are sometimes associated with continuous contractions in the uterine wall. If the cramping is severe and unbearable for a long time, it is advisable to see your healthcare provider.

    2. Breast changes :-

    Soon after implantation, your body begins to change. Breasts undergo changes such as tenderness, soreness, and swelling. It is due to the changing female hormone levels after conception. In some cases, these changes are visible during ovulation as well as a week after ovulation.

    3. Increased basal body temperature :-

    The basal body temperature (BBT) is high during implantation and can be a way to determine pregnancy. You may not necessarily track your body temperature unless you are trying to get pregnant. Therefore, you must chart your daily temperature, and see if it is increasing. The BBT rises at the time of ovulation due to increasing progesterone hormone and remains elevated when implantation occurs.

    4. Frequent urination :-

    The urge to urinate increases within a week of implantation. Your body undergoes massive changes to make room for the baby. Increased blood supply to the pelvic area puts pressure on your bladder. This pressure increases your urge to urinate.

    5. Food cravings/aversion :-

    This is another prominent sign of implantation. The hormones produced as a result of implantation tend to alter the woman’s likes and dislikes for food. You may crave for foods you have not tasted before or dislike foods you once loved. However, any cravings or aversions for food within seven days of ovulation cannot be considered an implantation symptom.

    6. Hot flashes :-

    They are less common signs of implantation and last for about 15 minutes at the time of implantation. During implantation, the hormone levels rapidly fluctuate causing hot flashes. Though it is an inconsistent sign, you may still consider it in association with the other symptoms.

    7. Cervical mucus :-

    An increase in the progesterone levels after implantation triggers the cervix to swell and increases the blood flow to it. Additionally, the glands enlarge and the hormones stimulate the glands to produce more cervical mucus. The mucus thus contains some blood, which is why cervical mucus after implantation looks pinkish or brownish in color. While the above signs could determine your pregnancy, you cannot be sure until you take a test. Moreover, remember that not every woman has these signs.

    Why Does Abnormal Implantation Occur?

    In rare cases, some women could experience abnormal implantation that leads to pregnancy loss. Those rare circumstances include:

    Ectopic pregnancy :-

    When the fertilized egg implants outside the cervix, it is called ectopic pregnancy. Usually, the implantation occurs in the fallopian tube when the embryo fails to descend to the cervix. In the process, it can, sometimes, attach to the ovary or the abdomen. This type of pregnancy has to be terminated medically, and this can lead to heavy implantation bleeding and rupture. It, therefore, reduces the chances of conception in the future.

    Hydatidiform mole :-

    This occurs when the rapidly dividing blastocyst implants itself to the uterine wall but does not develop into a full-fledged embryo. Instead of an embryo, the blastocyst turns into a tumor. You may experience all the signs of pregnancy and may even get confirmed pregnancy test results due to the production of hCG by the tumor cells. Only an ultrasound can determine the presence of hydatidiform mole.

    Problems with the placenta :-

    Abnormalities related to the placenta are dependent on where the implantation takes place. If the function of the placenta is adversely affected, the pregnancy will not continue. Placental problems lead to pregnancy loss, and an early loss is called a miscarriage. If placental abnormalities occur later in the pregnancy, they result in pre-term birth, causing complications for the mother and the baby.

    Implantation is the first step of pregnancy. It could be so subtle that you may not even realize that it has happened inside your body. But when your urge to get pregnant is high, you tend to relate every minor change in your body to pregnancy. The key is not to get anxious for the result or disappointed if the result is negative. The next menstrual period is just around the corner.