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Overall Development

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Overall Development

Preschoolers (2-3 years)

Your child is now developing more socially, has real friendships and understands the causes of feelings. Physically they are much more coordinated in high energy activities suc​h as running and climbing and may have progressed to riding a tricycle.

All children develop at different rates; however, in this age range there are some skills that are especially important for your child’s self-esteem and learning. For example, being able to speak clearly is important in order to be understood by others.

If you are worried about your child’s development, speak to your Maternal and Child Health nurse or call the Maternal and Child Health line on 13 22 29. Your final recommended Maternal and Child Health appointment is at three and a half years of age.

What your child may be doing

At three years :
  • socialising with a broader range of people
  • understanding how to share and play well with other children
  • developing a sense of humour and concern for others
  • using hands and fingers skilfully
  • holding a pencil in a mature grip using preferred hand
  • speaking well
  • decreasing temper tantrums.
  • Talk to your Maternal and Child Health nurse about :

  • language development, the sorts of sentences your preschooler uses and how easy they are to understand
  • emotional development, whether your child is affectionate and if they come to you for comfort
  • your preschooler’s developmental milestones such as being able to draw a simple figure or circle
  • your child’s play and how they interact with other children
  • your child’s speech and any issues such as stuttering.
  • Your child's learning

    You can support your child’s learning by:

  • encouraging them to explore, experiment and try things
  • talking about what is happening and encouraging your child to talk
  • finding out answers to questions together
  • reminding your child of events that have happened before
  • making suggestions about imaginary play, for example asking ‘What would it be like to be small like a mouse?’, or providing props to use for play
  • sharing songs, stories and rhymes, both new ones and old favourites.
  • Your child may now be eligible to attend a kindergarten program, which can provide new learning experiences and strengthen your child’s love of learning.

    Play-based learning

    Play is often social – that is, it involves other children. Social play gives your child a chance to practise getting along with other children and to learn new skills. Play helps children learn about themselves and where they fit in the world. Evidence shows that play can support learning across physical, social, emotional and intellectual areas of development.

    A few suggestions of good play experiences for three to five-year-olds include :

  • drawing, painting, finger painting and making potato prints
  • emptying and filling containers in the bath or paddling pool but never leave your child unsupervised
  • dressing up in your old clothes, shoes and jewellery
  • climbing, digging and running outdoors
  • singing
  • playing with dolls and digital games
  • experiencing books.
  • Communicating with your child

    Young children are trying hard to understand the world of people and objects and how they fit into it. They are eager learners who understand more and more complex ideas. They are curious about everything, which leads to a lot of ‘why’ questions. Answering their questions can sometimes take patience, but doing so is important for encouraging them as learners. If you don’t know the answer, it’s best to be honest. At times asking them ‘What do you think?’ in response to a question can help develop their problem-solving skills.

    ​Your child's behaviour

    Your child needs you to set firm but reasonable limits. These limits offer security and protection from getting overwhelmed by too much responsibility before she or he is ready.

    It’s easy to forget that young children are still trying to learn many things that we take for granted, such as understanding what is said to them. For example, you might think your child is simply not listening to you, but he or she may just be trying to figure out what someone said five minutes ago.

    Young children are very interested in the world around them. This means that they often get distracted.

    Some tips for helping your child learn to behave in acceptable ways include :

  • always keep in mind that children learn from what you do, so be a positive role model
  • show your child how you feel about their behaviour
  • give your child positive feedback for behaviour that you approve of
  • kneel or squat down next to your child when you are talking to her or him
  • keep promises
  • reduce the chance of your child damaging valuable objects through their exploration by putting them out of reach
  • keep instructions simple and positive
  • encourage your child to contribute to family life, letting him or her do some simple chores
  • maintain a sense of humour.

    For child 2yrs to 12yrs total development program

    Make the most of the early years of your child

    Develop the habit of reading and love of learning in your child

    Utilize the amount of time that your child spends at home more productively

    Prepare your child for increasing competition

    Raise a well-rounded, happy and successful individual

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