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Baby Sleep

Baby Sleep

Steps to Sleep

You don't have to cry it out to eliminate your baby's nighttime wakings. Kim West, author of "Good Night, Sleep Tight: The Sleep Lady's Gentle Guide to Helping Your Baby Go to Sleep Must-Know Advice from the Sleep Lady" and "The Good Night, Sleep Tight Workbook", explains how to implement her Sleep Lady Shuffle -- and have the whole family snoozing better in two weeks.

1. Make sleep a priority

Why should you worry about your baby's sleep habits? Remember that the human brain -- yours and your baby's -- runs on sleep. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has linked babies' frequent night wakings to everything from postpartum depression in moms to future obesity and behavior problems in kids. As Marc Weissbluth, MD, the author of "Healthy Sleep Habits, Happy Child," explains, children who don't get enough consolidated REM sleep have shorter attention spans, so they don't learn as well. These babies also release more of the stress hormone cortisol, setting them up for frequent night wakings and stunted naps. Tired yet?

2. Get the green light

Before you start any sleep-training method, make sure all the necessary people are on board. Begin by talking to your pediatrician. Rule out any underlying medical conditions, such as reflux, sleep apnea, and allergies. Also, get a feel for how often your baby should be eating and sleeping within a 24-hour period. Next, get your partner involved. Make your plan together, deciding how you'll react to wakings at given times. If your 10-month-old is nursing six times a night, both of you must agree that you'll feed him once before bed, then not again until morning.

3. Log your baby's sleep

If you have a hard time remembering how many times your baby woke last night, much less how she slept last week, a log will help you notice patterns. After a week of tracking her days and nights, start by figuring out her ideal bedtime. You might say, "Oh, she's always fussy at 7 p.m. -- that's probably when I should be putting her down, and I'm missing the window." A log will also let you see that your baby may not have cried during the night for as long as you thought. Five minutes of fussing can feel like 50 when it's 2 a.m.

4. Create a routine

Fifteen minutes is all you need to perform a quiet, soothing ritual that will help your baby's mind and body prepare for sleep. Remain in his nursery or near his crib and choose the same two or three quiet, calm activities, such as reading or singing. Be sure to keep anything stimulating -- tickling, TV -- out of the equation. For babies over 6 months, incorporate a favorite stuffed animal or blanket into the routine.

5. Pick a start date

There's never a perfect time to start sleep training. But if you're using the Sleep Lady Shuffle method, it's best to start when you know you'll have at least three weeks without any changes in time zone, cribs, or bedrooms -- especially if your baby is alert and sensitive. The most popular night to begin is Friday because of the upcoming weekend. Some parents use vacation days so they won't have to worry about being at work in the morning. And remember that you'll always be more successful if your baby has been napping well.

6. Set the scene

The right environment means everything when it comes to sleep training. Keep the room cool and comfortable -- between 65 and 70 degrees. If your baby's room gets a lot of light -- and she has trouble with naps and early wake-ups -- install room-darkening shades. (You may also want to invest in a night-light.)

7. Put baby down awake

Run through your bedtime routine with the lights on, then place your baby in the crib drowsy but awake. Expect some tears, especially if she's used to falling asleep in your arms. For the first three nights, sit next to the crib in a chair, offering gentle, intermittent reassurances and occasional touches. If she becomes hysterical you can pick her up, but put her back as soon as she calms down. Stay beside the crib until she's sound asleep. Respond to night wakings the same way.

8. Move a chair

Use the same calming techniques and move the chair progressively farther from the crib every third night until you're outside her room and out of view. It's important to keep moving. If you stay in one spot for more than a few days, your baby will grow accustom to your being there, and this will become her new sleep crutch.

9. Go back to bed

Within a couple of weeks, you should be able to put your baby down to sleep at bedtime, say good night, and close the door -- and she should be able to quickly put herself back to sleep during those inevitable night wakings.

10. Stay consistent

One of the biggest mistakes parents make, no matter what method they use, is being inconsistent. At some point your little one will cry for you in the middle of the night, even if you think you've all made it over the sleep-training hump. Go to his cribside to check on him and make sure all is well -- just be sure not to restart an old sleep crutch during this check. After that, try comforting him from outside the door, if you can. If you regress due to illness or travel, get back on the training wagon as soon as possible. Otherwise you risk sabotaging the weeks of hard work you've already put in.

Some Mistakes New Parents

Pre-kids, not much sleep used to be (a) a good night out and (b) nothing that caffeine and a bacon sarnie couldn’t fix. Now that you’re a mum, the amount of sleep you get depends on your baby.

  • Expecting too much, too soon
  • Doing too much
  • Rushing the bedtime routine
  • Waking your baby up from a nap
  • Keeping things too quiet
  • Expecting too much, too soon :

    You’ve sung the lullaby and drawn the blackout blind, but your little one still won’t nod off. That’s because babies aged 12 weeks and under have no concept of the difference between night and day. In fact, the hormones that control our patterns of sleeping and waking don’t start to kick in until around three months old. Younger than that and there’s no point in expecting anything from her sleep-wise – she just has to follow her own needs. Babies of this age are also so small that their stomachs can’t hold much milk. They need to feed frequently and, when they get hungry, they wake up.

    It’s not until around 16 weeks that 
 your baby might be able to go without a feed for long enough to give you 
 a decent stretch of sleep yourself.

    ‘Even at nine months old, 60% of babies still wake at night. It’s normal,’ says Sarah Ockwell Smith, author of BabyCalm: A Guide For Calmer Babies And Happier Parents (£13.99, Piatkus).‘You will save yourself a lot of heartache if you go with the flow.

    Doing too much :

    Yes, you’ve had a baby, but life doesn’t stop. You’ve still got people to see, shopping to do, babygros to wash… But anything new is hugely stimulating for a baby who’s under 12 months. Every room will be full of different smells, sounds and sensations that she needs to adjust to.

    Her brain is working overtime, and the result is that she can become over-stimulated, then over-tired.

    When this happens, it’s harder for her to get to 
 sleep, because she’s upset. ‘This is a juggling act for parents,’ says Siobhan Mulholland, author of Helping Your Baby To Sleep (£6.99, Vermilion). ‘Our lives 
 are busy, but babies less than a year old are usually very happy in an environment that’s dull, boring and familiar.’

    Rushing the bedtime routine :

    You’re exhausted. You can’t be bothered to run the bath. Or read a book. Tonight, just for once, you’ll just lay your baby down, very gently in her cot and... No, she’s not having it. That’s because, from about six weeks old, sticking to a routine is key to sleep. It doesn’t matter what your routine is – bottle, bath, bed, or bath, cuddle, lullaby – what matters is that you do the same things every night. ‘This makes your baby feels secure and signals sleep,’ says Siobhan. ‘And it’s also calming for parents. Don’t try and get it done quickly – just enjoy this gentle time with your little one.’ Over time, these actions will start to lull your baby into sleep readiness. It won’t happen instantly. But consistent bedtime routines will help get your child into the relaxed state she needs for sleep.

    Waking your baby up from a nap :

    Your baby barely sleeps at night, but is sparko during the day. Surely the best way to help her slumber more later is to stop her sleeping so much during the day?

    Actually, it doesn’t work that way. The reality is that if you let a baby nap when she wants to, for as long as she wants to (during the day, as well as at night), the better her sleep routine will be. ‘If you wake her up, you’re depriving her of rest that she wants. That will make her over-tired – and, if she gets over-tired, she’ll be grumpier and less able to get back to sleep later.’ It’s a double-whammy of badness.

    Keeping things too quiet :

    Your baby has finally gone to sleep and you’re desperate not to wake her. So you creep around the house, being as quiet as you can be. Good idea? No! If a sound is familiar to a baby, it won’t worry her – she’ll sleep right through it.

    ‘For example, if she’s used to her big brother singing, she’ll keep sleeping,’ says Sarah. ‘If she’s used to banging doors and creaking floorboards, those sounds won’t faze her. It’s unfamiliar noise that will wake her.’ Go figure.

    you spend the first 12 weeks tiptoeing all over the house, all you’re doing is creating problems for yourself down the line. The best thing to do is to go about your business as normal when your baby’s asleep. The quicker she gets used to it, the easier she’ll find it to sleep through it in the future. And it’ll make it easier for you, too.

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